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Case Study: Fifteen Years Until Retirement with No Plan in Place

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Reading Time:  3  minutes

In “Creating Wealth to Walk Away” we outlined the 5 Common Mistakes made by busy professionals that prevent them from taking control of their money and building wealth. In this case study, we provide an example of a client that was able to benefit from our planning expertise. (We have changed the names to maintain client confidentiality).


Overview

When Bill and Susan came to us, their immediate concern was planning for Bill’s upcoming retirement in 15 years.  Their next concern was building a retirement home in their home state although they currently worked and lived on the East coast.

Bill: Upper-level management executive
Susan: Part-time real estate investor

Here’s the rest of their profile…

Marital Status:  Married 20+ years with 3 grown children
Bill’s Years of Service with company: 12 years
Current Age: 51
Desired Retirement: 65
Household Income:  $267,000
Current Net Worth: $517,000
Retirement Account Balance:  $317,000
Executive Comp Balance:  $181,000

Bill participates in the company profit sharing 401(k) plan utilizing the company match.  He also participates in a separate defined contribution pension plan that his employer contributes about 7% of his salary.  Finally, Bill has vested and unvested awards of non-qualified stock options (NSOs) along with vested and unvested awards of restricted stock units (RSUs).  Bill can expect to continue to receive annual awards of each during his time with the company.


What was most important to Bill and Susan?

After both qualitative and quantitative data-gathering, we realized the three most important things to Bill and Susan were the following:
  1. “Being sure about retirement”. After a long, successful career, Bill was concerned about retiring with dignity and maintaining their current lifestyle.
  2. “Coming home to retire.” After many years of corporate travel, Bill and Susan really wanted to build their dream home in their home state.
  3. “Maximize wealth while minimizing taxes.” Although Bill’s NSOs and RSUs have great wealth-building potential, he wanted to make sure he didn’t pay any unnecessary taxes due to his unfamiliarity with the nuances of how the program worked. The goal was to accelerate their savings program while leveraging employer benefits but minimizing taxes.

How did we help?

First, we prepared an accurate depiction of their current situation to assess how wide a gap there was between where they were currently and where they desired to be in the future.  Next, we formulated a plan to address the gap through several tax-savings strategies that reduced annual taxable income and re-directed those savings into tax-deferred vehicles with the proper asset allocation.  Finally, we put together a plan to exercise stock options and sell company stock in order to neutralize the volatility in the company’s share price without significantly changing their tax bracket.

Along the way, we also discovered the following…

  • Bill had a very high concentration in his company’s stock through his long-term incentive compensation program and his profit sharing 401(k) plan. We put together a plan to help him diversify his retirement portfolio which more accurately reflected he and Susan’s risk tolerance;
  • Bill was underinsured when it pertained to life and liability insurance. We put him in touch with an insurance specialist to address this need;
  • Bill and Susan had an incomplete estate plan. After a subsequent meeting in which we began outlining their wishes, collecting beneficiary information and updating accounts to reflect this, we put them in touch with an estate planning attorney to complete their estate plan;
  • Bill and Susan had an excess of cash flow that needed to be working towards their financial goals. We put a plan in place to use the excess cash flow to pay down liabilities and start savings towards the retirement home down payment.

The Results…

Bill and Susan now have a plan in place that will help them achieve financial contentment by aligning their spending with what they value. This allows them to spend, save and invest without any uncertainty or anxiety. The plan includes:

  • A fully funded emergency fund;
  • A growing retirement home down payment fund;
  • A systematic plan to become debt-free before their retirement home purchase;
  • An investment strategy and diversified portfolio aligned with their risk tolerance and return preferences
Leave me a comment below and let me know what you think, or just drop me a line here.

 

Disclaimer:  The information provided here is intended to be educational in nature and should not be considered or construed as legal, accounting, tax or financial planning advice.  The strategies described may not be suitable for all individuals.  This case study was provided for illustrative purposes only and no representation is made that a person acting on this information will achieve the results shown.  We encourage you to seek the help of a tax, legal and/or financial professional when employing any of the above-mentioned strategies.
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3 thoughts on “Case Study: Fifteen Years Until Retirement with No Plan in Place”

  1. Nice blog post Dominique. I like the makeover of your website. I think retirement pre an post planning are excellent directions for these times.

    I’ve read many articles, lately, that people are retiring with 6000 dollars or less for savings. One would wonder why these people would be retiring, in the first place, right?
    But it’s often because of medical issues, employment issues and other family responsibilities. Medical disability is a huge problem, and overlooked is the fact that most employers do not want people over a certain age to be around; they won’t say it because of age discrimination. As far as family responsibilities, many seniors are involved in helping family members, often younger people and relatives with their needs and responsibilities.
    Sadly, there was a story yesterday about a senior couple, both of whom were disabled, living alone in their home, and both of them had medical impairments and trying to take care of each other, which lead ultimately to them dying by murder/suicide in their own home.

    Unlike many decades ago, I doubt a social worker was involved in making an assessment of this couple’s fragility and investigating resources for them. And resources? That’s a whole issue. Most of social policy is trying to address the needs of younger people today forfeiting the tax budgets in the realm of senior housing alternatives and in home health care. Many insurance programs that the elderly paid into for long term care were terminated, yes, by insurance companies.

    Retiring and underemployed seniors lives are in crisis. Because of this, they are often preyed upon by scammers. That’s another topic. Older people without technological skills or limited ones are targeted by contractors, real estate scams and identity theft.

    The bottom line is this fragile seniors are in dire need of assistance and so your articles are extremely helpful for those who are digitally literate. I’m concerned about the number of seniors and frail elderly people who tried to save, perhaps to late or loss their financial advantage, but aren’t prepared for the intersection between financial management and living in crisis without government supports.

    Keep up the good work. Curious if your local community has non-profit centers that reach out to the elderly in the community and assist them with understanding financial literacy. I’m surprised that social entities like nursing homes don’t provide these type of services as well. Another crisis.

    I’d like to end this on a positive note, however. Keep educating younger to middle age people about financial literacy, so they can stay strong. Thank you for doing these topics. They are helpful.

    • Thanks for the kind words Sandy 🙂

      Financial literacy is the unspoken secret to a lot of the social problems that you so eloquently articulate in your comments. I think the key is definitely to focus on empowering our younger generation to not be “fooled” by what appears to relevant, but what is actually of substance. The precious resource of time (if used correctly) solves a lot of the problems you named.

      Happy to have you a part of the community. 🙂

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As an advocate for financial education, I love to share my knowledge in a “jargon-free” way to help you understand what it will take to win with your money!

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